Ocean and Domestic Terms and Conditions
SKYLINE FREIGHT INC.
CONDITIONS OF OCEAN CARRIAGE
(Definitions) When used in this Bill of Lading (A) "Carrier" means the Carrier named on the face hereof, the vessel, her owner, master, operator, demise charterer, and if bound hereby, the time charterer. (B) "Inland Carrier" means carriers (other than the Carrier) by land, water or air, participating in combined transport of the Goods, whether acting as carrier or bailee. (C) "Combined Transport" means carriage of the Goods under this Bill of Lading from place of receipt from Merchant to place of delivery to Merchant by the Carrier plus one or more Inland Carriers. (D) "Merchant" includes the shipper, consignor, consignee, owner, and receiver of the Goods and the holder of this Bill of Lading. (E) "Goods" mean the cargo described on the face of this Bill of Lading and, if the cargo is packed into container(s) supplied or furnished by or on behalf of the Merchant, includes the container(s) as well. (F) "Vessel" includes the vessel named on the face of this Bill of Lading and any ship, craft, lighter, barge or other means of transport that is substituted in whole or in part for that vessel. (G) "Subcontractor" includes stevedores, longshoremen, lighterers, terminal operators, warehousemen, truckers, railroads, agents, servants, subsidiary, affiliate company and any person, firm, corporation or other legal entity which performs services incidental to the carriage of the Goods.
(Clause Paramount) The receipt, custody, carriage, and delivery of the Goods shall be governed by the provisions of the Transportation Agreement, which consists of Carrier’s tariff, and the terms and conditions stated on the front and back of this bill of lading. Additionally, all carriage under this Bill of Lading to or from the United States shall be performed subject to the provisions of the United States Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1936, 46 App. U.S.C. § 30701 note ("COGSA”). Except to the extent the preceding sentence applies, all other carriage shall be governed by the law of any country involved in the carriage making the Hague Rules or Hague-Visby Rules compulsorily applicable to this Bill of Lading or, if there be no such law, in accordance with the Hague Rules, unless some other national law or treaty is mandatorily applicable. The provisions of applicable law as set forth above shall also apply to carriage of goods by Inland Carriers, including inland waterway. Except as may be otherwise specifically provided herein, said law shall govern before the Goods are loaded on and after they are discharged from the vessel whether the Goods are carried on deck or under deck and throughout the entire time the Goods are subject to this Bill of Lading.
(Law and Jurisdiction) This contract is to be governed by the laws, treaties, or conventions of the United States to the extent governed by federal law, and by the laws of New York (without regard to the choice of law rules thereof) in all other instances. All disputes arising from the shipment to which this bill of lading pertains may only be instituted in the courts of appropriate jurisdiction located in the state of New York. Merchant and Carrier each agree that they are subject to the exclusive personal jurisdiction of all federal courts located in the state of New York and that they waive all defenses as to jurisdiction and venue with respect to any action in such court.
(Sub-Contracting) (A) The Carrier shall be entitled to subcontract on any terms the whole or part of the handling, storage, or carriage of the Goods and any and all duties whatsoever undertaken by the Carrier in relation to the Goods. (B) Merchant warrants that no claim shall be made against any Subcontractor, except the Inland Carrier, that imposes or attempts to impose upon any of them or any vessel owned or operated by any of them any liability in connection with the Goods, and, if any such claims should nevertheless be made, to indemnify the Carrier against all consequences of such claims.
A. If either or both of the spaces on the front of this bill of lading for “Place of Receipt” or “Place of Delivery” have been completed, this is a Combined Transport bill of lading and paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) shall apply.
B. If this is a Combined Transport bill of lading, the Carrier undertakes to perform and/or arrange for performance of the carriage of the Goods from the Place of Receipt or the Port of Loading, to the Port of Discharge or the Place of Delivery, whichever is applicable and Carrier’s liability, unless otherwise provided in this bill of lading, shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 6.
C. During the period before loading to the vessel at the Port of Loading and after discharge from the vessel at the Port of Discharge, the Carrier shall be entitled to all rights, defenses, immunities, exemptions, limitations of or exonerations from liability, liberties and benefits contained or incorporated in the contract between the Carrier and any person by whom the carriage is performed or undertaken, whether directly or indirectly and who would
Skyline Freight Inc. Conditions of Ocean Carriage – Page 1 Rev. 2/22/2013
have been liable to the Shipper or Consignee as if the Shipper or Consignee had contracted directly with such person or contained in any compulsory legislation applicable to such person. In no event shall Carrier’s liability under a combined transport bill of lading exceed that determined pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 6.
D. If it cannot be determined at which stage of the carriage the loss or damage occurred, it shall be conclusively presumed to have occurred while the Vessel was at sea and Carrier’s liability shall be determined in accordance with paragraphs 2 and 6.
6. (Compensation for Loss and Damage)
A. Unless otherwise mandated by compulsorily applicable law, Carrier’s liability for compensation for loss of or damage to Goods shall in no case exceed the amount of five hundred U.S. dollars (US$ 500.00) per package or per customary freight unit, unless Merchant, with the consent of Carrier, has declared a higher value for the Goods in the space provided on the front of this Bill of Lading and paid extra freight per Carrier’s tariff, in which case such higher value shall be the limit of Carrier’s liability. Any partial loss or damage shall be adjusted pro rata on the basis of such declared value. Carrier shall not, in any case, be liable for an amount greater than the actual loss to the person entitled to make the claim. Carrier shall have the option of replacing lost Goods or repairing damaged Goods.
B. If the value of the Goods is less than five hundred U.S. dollars (US$500.00) per package or per customary freight unit, their value for compensation purposes shall be deemed to be the invoice value, plus freight and insurance, if paid.
C. To the extent it is held that the Carmack Amendment applies, the parties hereby waive the applicability of the Carmack Amendment as currently codified and as amended from time to time. In the event that it is held that the Carmack Amendment applies to any part of the movement of the Goods, the foregoing waiver notwithstanding, recovery for loss of or damage to Goods shall be limited to fifty U.S. cents (US$0.50) per pound unless a higher value is declared by Shipper and a supplementary charge paid.
D. In the event that compulsorily applicable law prohibits the application of all or any part of clauses 6(A) through 6(C) above, Carrier’s liability, and the liability of any Inland Carrier shall be limited to the fullest extent allowed by such law and in no event shall Merchant be entitled to any amount in excess of the actual loss suffered by Merchant.
Carrier shall not be liable to any extent for any loss of or damage to or in connection with precious metals, stones, or chemicals, jewelry, currency, negotiable instruments, securities, writings, documents, works of art, curios, heirlooms, or any other valuable Goods, including Goods having particular value only for Merchant, unless the true nature and value of the Goods have been declared in writing by Merchant before receipt of the Goods by the Carrier or Inland Carrier, the same is inserted on the face of this Bill of Lading and additional freight has been paid as required.
Merchant understands that Carrier is not engaged in the business of insurance and that by declaring value in accordance with the provisions hereof, it is not obtaining insurance. If Merchant wishes to purchase cargo insurance to cover goods moving under this Bill of Lading, it must purchase such insurance through a third party.
(Route to Transport) (A) The Goods may, at the Carrier’s absolute discretion, be carried as a single shipment or as several shipments by the Vessel and/or any other means of transport by land, water, or air and by any route whatsoever. (B) The Vessel shall have liberty to call and/or stay at any port or place in or out of the direct, advertised, or customary route, and/or to omit calling at any port or place whether scheduled or not. (C) If the Goods in whole or in part are for any reason not carried on the Vessel named in this Bill of Lading, or if loading the Goods is delayed or is likely to detain the Vessel, the Vessel may proceed without carrying or loading the Goods in whole or in part, and notice to Merchant of such sailing is hereby waived. (D) Any action taken by the Carrier under this Article shall be deemed to be included within the contractual carriage and such action, or delay resulting therefrom, shall not be considered a deviation.
(Liberties) (A) In any situation whatsoever, no matter how or when caused, which in the judgment of the Carrier has given or is likely to give rise to danger, injury, loss, delay, or disadvantage of whatsoever nature, the Carrier may refuse to or discontinue transport the Goods or take any action which is necessary or advisable in the sole discretion of Carrier, including, but not limited to, terminating the transportation of the Goods and tendering them to a third party carrier or warehouseman at the expense of Merchant. The Merchant shall reimburse the Carrier forthwith upon demand for all extra freight charges and expenses incurred for any actions taken according to subsection (A), including delay or expense to the Vessel, and the Carrier shall have a lien upon the Goods to that extent. (B) The Carrier, in addition to all other liberties provided for in this Section, shall have liberty to comply
Skyline Freight Inc. Conditions of Ocean Carriage – Page 2 Rev. 2/22/2013
with orders, directions, regulations or suggestions as to navigation or the carriage or handling of the Goods or the Vessel howsoever given, by any actual or purported government or public authority, or by any committee or person having under the terms of any insurance on the Vessel, the right to give such order, direction, regulation, or suggestion. If by reason of and/or in compliance with any such order, direction, regulation, or suggestion, anything is done or is not done the same shall be deemed to be included within the contractual carriage and shall not be a deviation.
(Description and Particulars of Goods) Any reference on the face of this Bill of Lading to marks, numbers, description, quantity, quality, gauge, weight, measure, nature, kind, value, and any other particulars of the Goods, is as furnished by the Merchant. The Merchant warrants to the Carrier that the descriptions and particulars furnished by him are correct, and the Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss, damage, expenses, liability, penalties and fines arising or resulting from inaccuracy of any description or particular, including any fines, penalties, or liquidated damages assessed by any customs service.
(Use of Container) When the Goods are not already packed into a container at the time of receipt by the Carrier, the Carrier shall be at liberty to pack and carry the Goods in any type of container.
(Carrier's Container) (A) The Merchant assumes full responsibility for and shall indemnify the Carrier against any loss of or damage to the Carrier's containers and other equipment if the loss or damage is caused or occurs while in the possession or control of the Merchant, his agents, or common carriers engaged by or on behalf of the Merchant (B) The Carrier shall in no event be liable for, and the Merchant shall indemnify and hold the Carrier harmless from, any death of or injuries to persons, or loss of or damage to property, caused by the Carrier's container or its contents while in the possession or control of the Merchant, his agents, or common carriers engaged by or on behalf of the Merchant.
(Merchant Load and Count) If the Goods received by the Ocean or Inland Carrier are in a container packed by or on behalf of the Merchant (A) this Bill of Lading is prima facie evidence of the receipt only of the number of containers on the face of this Bill of Lading. The condition and particulars of the contents are unknown to the Carrier and Inland Carrier, and the Carrier accepts no responsibility for the accuracy of the description of condition or particulars. (B) The Merchant and not the Carrier shall be responsible for, and the Merchant shall indemnify and hold Carrier harmless from, any resulting loss or damage to persons or property (including the Goods) (C) If the container is delivered after transport by the Carrier or Inland Carrier with seals intact, such delivery shall be deemed to be full and complete performance of the Carrier's obligation under this Bill of Lading, and the Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to the contents of the container. (D) If any seal of the container is broken by customs or other authorities for inspection of its contents, the Carrier shall not be liable for any resulting loss, damage or expenses.
(Special Carriage or Container) (A) The Carrier does not undertake to carry the Goods in refrigerated, heated, insulated, ventilated, or any other special hold or container. The Carrier will treat such Goods or container only as ordinary goods or dry container, respectively, unless: (1) special arrangements for the carriage of such Goods or container have been agreed to in writing between the Carrier and the Merchant; (2) such special arrangements are noted on the face of this Bill of Lading; and (3) special freight charges as required have been paid. The Carrier shall not be responsible for the function of a special container supplied by or on behalf of the Merchant. (B) The Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to Goods in a special hold or container arising from latent defects, breakdown, or stoppage of the refrigeration or heating machinery, insulation, ship's plant, or other such apparatus of the Vessel or container. (C) If the Goods received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier are in a refrigerated container packed by or on behalf of the Merchant, it is the obligation of the Merchant to stow the contents properly and set the thermostatic controls exactly. The Carrier shall not be liable for the Merchant's failure in such obligation.
(Dangerous Goods, Contraband) (A) The Carrier undertakes to carry Goods of an explosive, inflammable, radioactive, corrosive, damaging, poisonous, or dangerous nature only upon the Carrier's approval of a written application by the Merchant prior to the carriage of such Goods. Such application must accurately state the name, nature and classification of the Goods, as well as how they are dangerous and the method of rendering them innocuous, together with the full names and addresses of the Merchant and the consignee. (B) The Merchant shall ensure that the nature and danger of such Goods is distinctly and permanently marked on the outside of the package or container containing the Goods. (C) Merchant shall submit all documents or certificates required in connection
Skyline Freight Inc. Conditions of Ocean Carriage – Page 3 Rev. 2/22/2013
with such Goods by any applicable statue or regulation or by the Carrier (D) Whenever the Goods are discovered to have been received by the Carrier or Inland Carrier without complying with subsections (A), (B) or (C) above, or the Goods are found to be contraband or prohibited by any law or regulation of any place during the transport, the Carrier, Inland Carrier, or Subcontractor shall be entitled to take any action it deems necessary or advisable in its sole discretion, and the Merchant shall be liable for and indemnify the Carrier, Inland Carrier and Subcontractor against any loss, damage or liability, including loss of freight, and any other expenses directly or indirectly arising out of custody or carriage of such Goods.
(Stowage Under and on Deck) (A) Goods in containers, vans, trailers, or chassis may be carried under deck or on deck, and when such Goods are carried on deck the Carrier shall not be required to specially note mark, or stamp any statement of "on deck stowage" on the face of this Bill of Lading, any custom to the contrary notwithstanding. Such on deck carriage shall not be considered a deviation. (B) In respect to Goods in containers, vans, trailers, or portable tanks carried on deck, Carrier shall not be liable for loss or damage caused by water incursion or other perils incident to on deck carriage. (C) In respect of Goods not in containers and carried on deck, and stated on this Bill of Lading to be so carried, all risks of loss or damage from perils inherent in or incident to the custody or carriage of such Goods shall be borne by the Merchant and in all other respects the Carrier shall have the benefit of the provisions of COGSA and the terms of this Bill of Lading.
(Heavy Lift) (A) The weight of any single piece or package exceeding 2,240 lbs. gross, as well as the gross weight of any container loaded by Merchant, must be declared by the Merchant in writing before receipt by the Carrier or Inland Carrier and, with respect to any package exceeding 2,240 lbs. gross, must be marked clearly and durably on the outside of the piece or package in letters and figures not less than two inches high. (B) If the Merchant fails in his obligations under the preceding subpart (1) the Carrier shall not be responsible for any loss of or damage to in connection with the Goods. (2) the Merchant shall be liable for resulting loss of or damage to any person or property, and (3) Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against any resulting loss, damage, or liability suffered by the Carrier.
(Delivery) (A) The Carrier shall have the right to deliver the Goods at any time at any place designated by the Carrier, within the geographic limits of the port of discharge or place of delivery shown of the face of this Bill of Lading (B) Unless otherwise set forth herein, the Carrier's responsibility shall cease when the Goods have been delivered to the Merchant, Inland Carrier, connecting carrier, or any other person entitled to receive the Goods on Merchant's behalf at the place designated. Delivery of the Goods to the custody of customs or any other public authority shall constitute final discharge of the Carrier's responsibility. (C) If the Goods are consigned "to order" on the face hereof, the Goods shall be delivered at the Port of Discharge or Place of Delivery, if indicated, upon surrender of the original bill of lading; provided however, if the Goods are to be transshipped via a connecting carrier to a destination point beyond the Port of Discharge or Place of Delivery, if indicated, Carrier may, on behalf of the Shipper and Consignee and acting solely as their agent, arrange for such beyond carriage consistent with instructions received from the Shipper or Consignee, or the representative of either of them, at the risk and expense of the Goods. In such event, Carrier may deliver the Goods to the connecting carrier without surrender of the original, properly endorsed bill of lading, unless instructed otherwise, and shall obtain the connecting carrier's acknowledgment that delivery of the Goods shall be made only upon surrender of Carrier's original, properly endorsed bill of lading.
(Fire) The Carrier shall not be responsible for any loss of or damage to the Goods arising from fire occurring at any time, even though before loading on or after discharge from the Vessel, unless caused by the actual fault or privity of the Carrier.
(Lien) (A) The Carrier shall have a general and continuing lien on the Goods and any documents related thereto for all sums due to Carrier from Merchant under this or under any other contract, which shall survive delivery, for all freight, dead freight, demurrage, damages, loss, charges, expenses, and any other sums (including costs, customs fees, attorney fees, and other fees for recovering the sums) chargeable to the Merchant under this Bill of Lading and any preliminary contract for custody or carriage of the Goods. Carrier may foreclose the lien by selling the Goods or any other goods of Merchant without notice to the Merchant privately or by public auction. If on sale of the Goods the proceeds fail to cover the amount due and the costs and fees incurred, the Carrier shall be entitled to recover the deficit from the Merchant. (B) If the Goods are unclaimed during a reasonable time, or whenever in the Carrier's opinion the Goods will become deteriorated, decayed or worthless, the Carrier (without responsibility to it)
Skyline Freight Inc. Conditions of Ocean Carriage – Page 4 Rev. 2/22/2013
may at its discretion and subject to its lien, sell, abandon, or otherwise dispose of such Goods at the sole risk and expense of the Merchant.
(Freight and Charges) (A) Unless otherwise set forth in a service agreement or negotiated rate agreement, freight shall be calculated and due in accordance with Carrier’s Tariff, this bill of lading, and may be calculated on the basis of the particulars of the Goods furnished by the Merchant, but the Carrier for the purpose of ascertaining the actual particulars may at any time and at the risk and expense of the Merchant open the container or package and examine contents, weight, measure, and value of the Goods. In case of incorrect declaration of the contents, weight, measure and or value of the Goods, the Merchant shall be liable for and bound to pay to the Carrier: (1) the balance of freight between the freight charged and that which would have been due had the correct details been given, plus
(2) expenses incurred in determining the correct details, plus (3) as liquidated and ascertained damages, an additional sum equal to the correct freight. (B) Full freight shall be considered earned on receipt of the Goods by the Carrier. The Carrier shall be entitled to all freight and other charges due hereunder, and to receive and retain such freight and charges under any circumstances, whether the Vessel and/or the Goods be lost, damaged, or not. (C) The Payment of freight and/or charges shall be made in full and in cash without any offset, counter claim, or deduction.
(D) The Merchant shall be liable for and shall indemnify the Carrier against: (1) all dues, duties, taxes, consular fees, and other charges levied on the Goods, and (2) all fines, damages and losses sustained by the Carrier in connection with Goods, howsoever caused, including the Merchant's failure to comply with laws and regulations of any public authority in connection with the Goods, or failure to procure consular, Board of Health, or other certificates to accompany the Goods. The Merchant shall be liable for return freight and charges on any Goods refused exportation or importation by any public authority. (E) The shipper, consignor, consignee, owner of the Goods and holder of this Bill of Lading shall be jointly and severally liable to the Carrier for the payment of all freight and charges and for the performance of the obligations of any of them under this Bill of Lading.
(Notice of Claim and Time for Suit against Carrier) The Carrier shall be discharged from all liability in respect of the Goods, including without limitation non-delivery, misdelivery, delay, loss, or damage, unless suit has been brought within one year after delivery of the Goods or the date when the Goods should have been delivered.
(General Average) General average shall be adjusted, stated and settled at any port or place as the Carrier's option and according to the York-Antwerp Rules, 1994, except Rule XXII thereof, at such port or place in the United States as may be selected by the Carrier. The general average statement shall be prepared by the adjusters appointed by the Carrier. In such adjustment, disbursements in foreign currencies shall be exchanged into legal tender of the United States at the rate prevailing on the dates made and allowances for damage to cargo claimed in foreign currency shall be converted at the rate prevailing on the last day of discharge at the port or place of final discharge of such damaged cargo from the Vessel. A general average guarantee and/or bond and such additional security as may be required by Carrier must be furnished before delivery of the Goods. Such cash deposit as Carrier may deem sufficient as additional security for the contribution of the Goods and for any salvage and special charges thereon shall, without prejudice to the ultimate liability of the parties, be made by the Goods, the Shipper or Consignee to Carrier before delivery. Such deposits shall, at the option of Carrier, be payable in legal tender of the United States and be remitted to the general average adjuster. When so remitted, the deposit shall be held in a special account at the place of adjustment in the names of the adjuster pending settlement of the general average, and refunds or credit balances, if any, shall be paid in legal tender of the United States. In the event of accident, danger, damage, or disaster before or after commencement of the voyage resulting from any cause whatsoever, whether due to negligence or not, for which, or for the consequence of which, Carrier is not responsible to the Goods, to the Shipper or to the Consignee by statute, contract, or otherwise, the Goods, the Shipper and Consignee shall contribute with Carrier in general average to the payment of any sacrifices, losses or expenses of a general average nature that may be made or incurred and shall pay salvage and special charges incurred in respect of the Goods.
(Both to Blame Collision) If the Vessel comes into collision with another ship as a result of the negligence of the other ship and any act, neglect, or default of the Master, mariner, pilot, or servants of the owner of the Vessel in the navigation or in the management of the Vessel, the Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss or liability which might be incurred directly or indirectly to the other or non-carrying ship or her owners insofar as such loss or liability represents loss of or damage to its Goods or any claim whatsoever of the Merchant paid or payable by the other or non-carrying ship or her owners to the Merchant and set-off, recouped, or recovered by the other or non-carrying ship or her owners as part of their claim against the carrying Vessel or its owner. The foregoing
Skyline Freight Inc. Conditions of Ocean Carriage – Page 5 Rev. 2/22/2013
provisions shall also apply where the owners, operators, or those in charge of any ship or ships or objects other than, or in addition to the colliding ships or objects are at fault in respect of a collision, contact, stranding or other accident.
(Intermodal Transportation) (A) This Bill of Lading may be issued for intermodal transportation in any country. When so issued as between the Merchant and an Inland Carrier custody and carriage of the Goods by the Inland Carrier are subject to the relevant laws, regulations, tariffs and bill of lading conditions. (B) Claims by the Merchant against an Inland Carrier for loss or damage shall be given and suit commenced as provided in the Inland Carrier's applicable bill of lading.
(Carrier's Tariff) This Bill of Lading is subject to the Carrier's applicable tariff. Copies of the applicable tariff are obtainable from the Carrier upon request.
(Severability of Terms) The terms of this Bill of Lading are severable and if any part or term is declared invalid or unenforceable, the validity or enforceability, of any other part or term shall not be affected.
(Himalaya Clause) All exceptions, exemptions, defenses, immunities, limitations on liability, privileges and conditions granted or provided by this Bill of Lading or by applicable tariff or by statute or for the benefit of the Carrier shall also apply to and for the benefit of the officers and employees of the Carrier and the agents, officers and crew of the Vessel and to and for the benefit of all parties performing services in connection with the Goods as agents or contractors of the Carrier (including, without limitation Subcontractors, Inland Carriers, and agents), whether or not in contractual privity with Carrier, and the employees of each them.
EXPRESS AIR FREIGHT UNLIMITED, INC.
U.S. TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF AIR CARRIAGE
These U.S. Terms and Conditions apply only to any Shipment that originates in, is destined for, and does not include an ultimate destination or stop outside of the United States or any U.S. territory, possession, or commonwealth. For all other Shipments, please see the Express Air
Freight Unlimited, Inc. International Conditions of Carriage.
Definitions. The following definitions apply to both sides of this air waybill ("airbill"): “Forwarder” refers to Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. and its respective employees, agents, and independent contractors, and any subcontract carriers, including direct air carriers, indirect air carriers, and motor carriers, utilized by Forwarder to assist with the transportation services. “Shipment” means all pieces that are tendered to and accepted by Forwarder on a single airbill. “Shipper” means both the party that tenders the Shipment (consignor) and, if different, the party that originates the Shipment by directly contacting Forwarder to request transportation. The term “conveyance” means any steamer, vessel, barge, aircraft, truck, trailer, or rail car, or any connecting conveyance while in the ordinary course of transit by land, sea, or air.
Agreement to Terms. In tendering this Shipment, Shipper agrees to all terms of this non-negotiable airbill. It is agreed among the parties involved that the conditions of contract of carriage for this Shipment are governed by Forwarder’s tariffs, if any, available for inspection at Forwarder’s offices, and which are hereby incorporated into this contract, and a copy of which shall be supplied upon request. Except to the extent of any written contract between Shipper and Forwarder, this shipping document supersedes and negates any claimed, alleged, or asserted oral or written contract, promise, representation, or understanding between the parties with respect to this Shipment. In the event that Shipment is tendered to Forwarder on a straight bill of lading or any other shipping document, Forwarder’s rules and regulations, including the provisions hereof, shall supersede any rules and regulations contained on the shipping document on which the freight was tendered. Forwarder’s authorized agents and subcontractors shall have the benefit of all terms set forth in this airbill.
Completion of Airbill, Packaging, and Other Requirements. Shipper certifies and represents to Forwarder that the information inserted on the face of this shipping document is complete and accurate. Shipper warrants and certifies, with respect to each package in this Shipment, that the contents of this consignment are fully and accurately described on this shipping document by the proper shipping name, and are classified, packaged, marked, and labeled/placarded, and are in all respects in proper condition for transport according to applicable international and national governmental regulations. Shipper hereby declares that all of the applicable air transport requirements have been met. For articles shipped in unenclosed containers, Forwarder shall not be liable for damage/loss unless mishandling and/or loss is evident and is so noted on the delivery receipt at time of delivery.
Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. Domestic U.S. Terms and Conditions of Air Carriage – Page 1 Rev. 6/6/2013
Right to Reject. Forwarder reserves the right to reject any Shipment for any reason whatsoever, including but not limited to, safety or security concerns.
Hazardous Materials/Dangerous Goods. Shipper shall limit all packages containing hazardous materials/dangerous goods to the materials and quantities authorized for air transportation under the U.S. Department of Transportation ("USDOT”) hazardous materials transportation regulations (49 C.F.R. Parts 171, 172, and 173) and the current edition of the International Air Transport Association ("IATA”) Dangerous Goods Regulations (together "HM/DG Regulations"). Shipper shall ensure that each Shipment requiring a Shipper’s Declaration of Dangerous Goods under the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations is accompanied by properly executed Declaration documents in conformity with the requirements of such IATA HM/DG Regulations. Shipper shall also ensure, and Shipper hereby certifies, that, before tendering any Shipment containing hazardous materials/dangerous goods to Forwarder, the contents of this consignment are fully and accurately described on the shipping papers by proper shipping name; are not prohibited for transport by air by the HM/DG Regulations; and are properly classified, packaged, marked, and labeled, and in proper condition for carriage by air as required by the HM/DG Regulations. Shipper hereby declares that all of the applicable air transport requirements have been met. This Paragraph shall apply regardless of the routing or transportation mode by which the Shipment is transported. Forwarder reserves the right to reject any Shipment containing any known or suspected dangerous goods.
Custody and Liability. Forwarder’s care, custody, and control over the Shipment shall commence when the Shipment is safely received by Forwarder or its Subcontractor or authorized agent, and shall terminate when delivered to the consignee, owner or any other party entitled to receive the Shipment or to such other destination as Shipper may designate. Forwarder or any of its authorized agents and subcontractors shall be liable for any cargo loss, damage or delay for any air transportation, ground transportation (including over the entire route), storage, and any other handling to the extent caused by their respective negligence or willful misconduct.
Liabilities Not Assumed. FORWARDER SHALL NOT BE LIABLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFITS, INCOME, INTEREST, UTILITY, OR LOSS OF MARKET, WHETHER OR NOT FORWARDER KNEW OR HAD REASON TO KNOW THAT SUCH DAMAGES MIGHT BE INCURRED. Due to the nature of the transportation business, Forwarder does not guarantee pick up, transportation, or delivery by a stipulated date or a stipulated time, nor shall Forwarder be liable for the consequences of failure to do so.
Declared Value and Limitation of Liability. Forwarder’s liability, regardless of any actual or alleged negligence and for air transportation, ground transportation (including over the entire route), storage, and other handling, for any loss, damage or delay to the Shipment is limited to the lesser of Shipper’s actual damages or fifty U.S. cents
Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. Domestic U.S. Terms and Conditions of Air Carriage – Page 2 Rev. 6/6/2013
(US$0.50) per pound per package or fifty U.S. dollars (US$50.00) per Shipment, unless a higher value is declared on the front of this airbill and the additional applicable charges are paid to Forwarder. Shipper assumes all risk of any loss, damage, or delay in excess of the declared value or liability limitations set forth herein. If Shipper sends more than one piece on an airbill, Shipper shall specify the declared value for each piece; otherwise, the declared value for each piece shall be determined by dividing the total declared value by the number of pieces on the airbill. The maximum declared value per Shipment is one hundred thousand U.S. dollars (US$ 100,000.00), and any effort to declare a value in excess of this maximum, except by obtaining written authorization from a corporate officer of Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc., shall be null and void. Regardless of the value declared, the number of Shipments transported by Forwarder, or the number of distinct shippers affected by a disaster, accident, or other event, Forwarder’s liability for loss, damage, or delay shall not be more than one million U.S. dollars (US$1,000,000.00) by any one conveyance, or in any one place, or at any one time, or in any one disaster, accident, or other occurrence. Regardless of the value declared, Forwarder’s liability for loss, damage, or delay shall not exceed the Shipment’s repair cost, depreciated value or replacement cost, whichever is less.
Claims. The following provisions shall apply to all claims for loss, damage, or delay. Forwarder shall be given notice of any claim for loss or damage in writing within ten (10) calendar days after the delivery the Shipment or, of any claim for delay, within seventeen
calendar days of the date of tender to the consignee. The notice of claim shall include complete consignor and consignee information, the airbill reference number, the date of the Shipment, the number of pieces, and the Shipment weight. Failure to provide Forwarder with notice in the manner and within the time limits set forth herein shall result in the claim being denied. Forwarder is not obligated to act on any claim until all transportation charges have been paid. The claim amount may not be deducted from these charges or from any outstanding balance owed to Forwarder without the prior written approval of Forwarder. All of the original shipping containers, packing, packages, and contents shall be available for Forwarder’s inspection and retained until the claim is resolved. Except as otherwise provided for herein, receipt of the Shipment by the consignee without written notice of damage on the airbill or delivery receipt shall be considered to be prima facie evidence that the Shipment was delivered in good condition. For claims involving concealed damage not discovered at the time of delivery, Shipper or consignee shall notify Forwarder as promptly as possible after the discovery of the damage, and in any event not later than ten (10) calendar days after the date of delivery. Under no circumstances shall Forwarder be liable for loss, damage, or delay to the external shipping containers used in the transportation of the Shipment. Any lawsuit to enforce a claim shall be brought against Forwarder within two (2) years from the date of delivery of the Shipment or, if no delivery, from the date on which the Shipment should have been delivered. The failure of Shipper to comply with the notice provisions specified herein shall be an absolute bar to any such lawsuit filed against or liability of, Forwarder.
Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. Domestic U.S. Terms and Conditions of Air Carriage – Page 3 Rev. 6/6/2013
Non-Delivery. In the event of the failure or inability of the consignee to take delivery of the Shipment, Forwarder shall notify Shipper in writing at the address shown on the shipping document and request disposition instructions. If Shipper fails to provide disposition instructions within thirty (30) calendar days after the date of Forwarder’s notice, Forwarder shall return the Shipment to Shipper at Shipper’s expense. If Shipper fails to accept delivery of a Shipment thus returned, Forwarder may, upon thirty (30) calendar days written notice to Shipper, dispose of the Shipment at public or private sale and pay itself out of the proceeds to satisfy the transportation and storage charges owing on the Shipment. Any sums collected by Forwarder in excess of such transportation charges shall be paid to Shipper. No sale or disposal pursuant to this rule shall discharge any liability or lien to any greater extent than the proceeds thereof. The Shipper and the consignee shall remain liable, jointly and severally, for any deficiency.
Force Majeure. Forwarder shall not be liable for failure to perform, loss, damage, delay or monetary loss of any type caused by: Acts of God; public authorities acting with actual or apparent authority; strikes; labor disputes; weather; mechanical failures; aircraft failures; civil commotions; acts or omissions of customs or quarantine officials; the nature and inherent vice of the freight or any defects thereof; public enemies; hazards incident to a state of war; acts of terrorism; any other matters beyond Forwarder’s reasonable control, or by acts, defaults or omissions of Shipper or consignee for failure to observe the terms and conditions of the contract of carriage contained in this shipping document, including but not limited to improper packaging, classifying, marking, labeling, incomplete/inaccurate shipping instructions, and failure to observe the rules relating to freight not acceptable for transportation or to freight acceptable only under certain conditions outlined below.
Exceptions to Liability. The following articles shall not be accepted for carriage: any Shipment prohibited by law; household goods and/or personal effects; original works of art, antiques, bonds, coins of any kind, currency, currency equivalents, furs, fur clothing, gems or stones (cut or uncut), industrial diamonds, gold or silver, coined concentrates, jewelry (other than costume jewelry), pearls, precious metals, securities (negotiable), time sensitive written material (for example, bids, contract proposals, etc.), when the declared value exceeds fifty U.S. cents (US$0.50) per pound; or one-of-a-kind articles or models, prototypes, valuable rugs (including, but not limited to, Oriental rugs, Persian rugs) and prints or lithographs when the total declared value of the Shipment exceeds five hundred U.S. dollars (US$500.00) or when the declared value exceeds fifty U.S. cents (US$0.50) per pound, per piece. Forwarder shall not be liable for any loss, damage, delay, liabilities or penalties resulting from the transportation of any of the foregoing articles, however described or misdescribed in this airbill, and no employee or agent of Forwarder has any authority to accept for transportation such articles or to waive the limitations herein contained.
Dimensions. Rates and charges for this Shipment shall be based on actual or dimensional weight, whichever is greater.
Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. Domestic U.S. Terms and Conditions of Air Carriage – Page 4 Rev. 6/6/2013
International Shipments. If this is an international Shipment, all of the following terms shall govern: (a) all rules relating to liability as established by the Warsaw Convention or the Montreal Convention, whichever is deemed applicable, shall apply; (b) except as otherwise provided in Forwarder’s tariffs or conditions of carriage and as to carriage to which the Warsaw Convention or Montreal Convention does not apply, Forwarder’s liability shall not exceed twenty U.S. dollars (US$20.00) per kilogram or the equivalent of goods lost, damaged, or delayed, unless a higher value is declared by Shipper and a supplementary charge paid; (c) Forwarder accepts this shipping document as Shipper’s letter of instructions with authorization to prepare and sign on Shipper’s behalf an international shipping document; (d) Forwarder reserves the option to act as agent of the carrier, instead of as a forwarder, in which event the direct carrier’s tariffs shall apply to this Shipment; and (e) Shipper may select by inserting on the face of this shipping document cargo coverage based on insurance and/or declared value for carriage.
C.O.D. Service. Collect on Delivery (C.O.D.) service is provided under the following conditions: (a) Shipper shall identify the Shipment as a C.O.D. shipment by entering the amount to be collected in the “Shipper’s C.O.D. Box” on the front of this shipping document, (b) Shipper shall specify the type of payment to be received (for example, cash, check, money order, or cashier’s check) in the “Special Services Box” on the front of this shipping document and (c) Forwarder and Shipper agree that Forwarder does not guarantee nor verify that a check, money order, cashier’s check, or other such financial instrument is valid or negotiable. All payments are collected at Shipper’s risk. Unless inserted otherwise on the face of this shipping document, the C.O.D. amount of the Shipment shall be deemed to be the declared value for carriage amount. If this declared value for carriage results in an amount in excess of fifty U.S. cents (US$0.50) per pound, per piece, the Shipment shall be subject to an excess valuation charge. Unless prior arrangements are made, the acceptance of cash by Forwarder and its agents for payment of freight charges and/or C.O.D. amounts is limited to a maximum of two thousand U.S. dollars (US$2,000.00) per Shipment and/or stop. Payment of freight charges and/or C.O.D. amounts in excess of two thousand U.S. dollars (US$2,000.00) shall be remitted by cashier’s check, certified check, money order, or consignee’s check as authorized by Shipper in writing.
Routing, Means of Transportation, and Cargo Liability Limitations. Forwarder shall have the right to, for any reason, (a) substitute alternate carriers or other means of transportation (including all ground transportation) and (b) select the routing or deviate from that shown on the face hereof. If Shipper requests motor carrier service or if Forwarder decides that Shipper’s Shipment should be transported by motor carriage rather than air, Forwarder shall arrange with authorized motor carrier(s) to perform such transportation, which shall be done as “contract carriage” within the meaning of 49 U.S.C. § 13102(4)(B) on the same terms as contained in this Agreement. Shipper expressly waives all rights and remedies it may have as to Forwarder and its subcontractor motor carriers under 49 U.S.C. Subtitle IV, Part B (excluding §§ 13703, 13706, 14101 and 14103) to the full extent permitted by 49 U.S.C. § 14101(b)(1), each as amended from time to time, and Shipper hereby agrees to the cargo liability standards
Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. Domestic U.S. Terms and Conditions of Air Carriage – Page 5 Rev. 6/6/2013
and limitations set forth in these terms and conditions as to such motor carrier Shipment (including but not limited to Paragraphs 8, 12, 14, and 15).
Inspections. This Shipment is subject to inspection by Forwarder and others (see Paragraph 22); however, Forwarder is not obligated to perform such inspection, except as may be required by law.
Rates and Charges. The Shipper and the consignee shall be liable jointly and severally for all unpaid charges payable on account of this Shipment pursuant to this airbill contract and to pay or indemnify Forwarder for claims, fines, penalties, damages, costs (storage, handling, reconsignment, return of freight to Shipper, etc.) or other sums which may be incurred by Forwarder by reason of any violation of this contract or any other default of Shipper or consignee or their agents. All invoices not paid within 30 days of invoice date shall be subject to a charge of one and one-half percent (1-1/2%) per month, together with all collection costs incurred by Forwarder, including attorney fees.
Lien. Forwarder shall have a lien on any and all documents and Shipments of Shipper under Forwarder’s actual or constructive possession or control for monies owed to Forwarder with regard to the Shipment on which the lien is claimed, prior Shipment(s) or both. In the event Forwarder exercises its lien it shall notify Shipper of the exact amount of monies due and owing by Shipper. Forwarder shall also notify Shipper of all storage and continuing charges accruing on Shipments subject to carrier’s lien. Forwarder may refuse to surrender possession of the Shipment(s) until such charges are paid. Forwarder shall release its lien upon receipt of payment by Shipper of the total amount due. In the event Shipper does not satisfy Forwarder’s lien within fifteen (15) days of Forwarder’s exercise of the lien, Forwarder shall have the right, but not the obligation, to sell such Shipment(s) at public or private sale or auction without further notice to Shipper.
Shipper’s Indemnities. Shipper and consignee shall hold Forwarder and its agents harmless for loss/damage/delay or any monetary losses which are a result of auxiliary services including but not limited to local cartage, crating, uncrating, packing, and unpacking which are requested by Shipper or consignee and arranged by Forwarder as a customer service unless such services are actually performed by Forwarder or its agents. Such limitation of liability shall extend to the selection by Forwarder of the providers of the auxiliary services. Auxiliary services are those which are performed prior or subsequent to transportation and which may be billed directly by the provider of the services or by Forwarder. Providers of auxiliary services are contractors for Shipper or consignee and not agents of Forwarder. Local cartage is the movement of unpackaged/uncrated freight. NOTE: Under no circumstances shall the liability of Forwarder for any monetary loss which is a result of any auxiliary services performed by Forwarder or its agents be greater than the liability set forth in this contract.
Dispute Resolution and Governing Law. These terms and the services provided by Forwarder under this airbill shall be governed by and subject to the applicable federal law of the United States and by the laws of the State of New York, without regard to the
Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. Domestic U.S. Terms and Conditions of Air Carriage – Page 6 Rev. 6/6/2013
choice-of-law rules of New York or any other State. SHIPPER AND FORWARDER AGREE THAT ANY CLAIM OR DISPUTE ARISING FROM OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT, WHETHER UNDER FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL, OR FOREIGN STATUTES, REGULATIONS, OR COMMON LAW, SHALL BE BROUGHT EXCLUSIVELY IN THE STATE OR FEDERAL COURTS SERVING THE STATE OF NEW YORK. SHIPPER AND FORWARDER HEREBY CONSENT TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS. In the event Shipper files an action against Forwarder, Shipper hereby consents to any Forwarder-instituted transfer of such action to any other venue in which Forwarder is a party or subsequently becomes a party to an action concerning loss, damage or delay to the cargo that is the subject of Shipper’s action. Should Forwarder successfully defend itself or any legal actions brought by any party with an interest in this Shipment, Forwarder shall be entitled to reasonable attorney fees and costs. NOTE: In lieu of legal actions, any disputed claim not greater than fifteen thousand U.S. dollars (US$15,000.00), and all claims arising in the event of bankruptcy of Shipper, shall be settled through binding arbitration submitted to the Transportation Arbitration Board or the American Arbitration Association under its cargo claim arbitration program. An alternative arbitrator is to be selected by Forwarder if the claim is unacceptable for arbitration by both of the foregoing arbitration organizations. The parties agree that no consolidated claims or class actions shall be arbitrated.
Cargo Security Requirements. Shipper acknowledges that Forwarder, like all indirect air carriers, is required by the Transportation Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (“TSA”) to maintain an air cargo security program. If
Shipper is acting as an agent, authorized representative, broker, carrier, or other freight intermediary for any other person or entity, Shipper shall disclose that fact to Forwarder and shall assist Forwarder in complying with the TSA requirements by enabling Forwarder to obtain any necessary documents from, or otherwise qualify, such other person or entity. As required by TSA regulations (49 C.F.R. § 1548.9(b)),
Shipper hereby consents to a search or inspection of the cargo, including screening of the cargo. If Shipper, as the person who originates and tenders cargo for air transportation or as such person’s representative, is an individual (natural person), such person shall advise Forwarder of that fact, and Forwarder shall, if required by law, provide Shipper or such person with a Privacy Act Notice.
Code of Ethics and Business Conduct. Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. is committed to conducting operations with the highest standards of business conduct and ethics. It is important that our customers and suppliers understand that we believe a strong and proactive culture of ethics is critical to all of our success and growth. Express Air Freight Unlimited, Inc. expects all vendors and agents to act ethically in the conduct of their business in order to maintain an ongoing business relationship.
4838-2393-3460, v. 1